Exclude tables when restoring a PostgreSQL Database dump

Exclude tables when restoring a PostgreSQL Database dump

When time is critical, exclude large files from your Postgres restore and save the world at the same time.

Imagine you’re a super secret spy. You’ve infiltrated the enemy’s datacenter and you need to dump their database to save the world from being destroyed by the evil villain’s satellite death rays. While fighting off ninjas, robot assassins, and a very fat Scottish overlord, you manage to dump the entire database to a secure thumbdrive. Then you make your escape in your pedal helicopter.

To save the world you need to restore the dumped file to your own database and edit the passcodes to the death ray satellites. Time is critical, you only have 10 minutes before all the major cities of the world are destroyed. You now have two options.

Scenario One 

Restore the entire database to your Postgres server with the command

pg_restore -d postgres://localhost/postgres evil-plans-database.dump


Restoring Database ############............50% complete

πŸ’£πŸ’£πŸ’£πŸ’£πŸ’£πŸ’£πŸ’£ πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯πŸ’₯

SORRY, You failed, all the major cities of the world have been destroyed by the evil villain’s death ray. πŸ’€

Scenario Two 

While dumping the database and fighting off the ninjas, robot assassins, and the fat Scottish overload, you noticed that there are some really big tables that only hold log information search_log and event_log. These tables are huge, yet all the other tables are relatively small Look out! DUCK!! πŸ’₯PUNCHπŸ’₯ πŸ’₯KICKπŸ’₯ . That was close, you were almost hit by a flying ninja banana 🍌.

I know what you’re thinking “Postgres restore doesn’t have an exclude table option, only pg_dump has the --exclude-table=table option”

This is true, but pg_restore does has an option for listing the tables in a dump file

-l
--list
   List the table of contents of the archive. The output of this operation can be used as input to the -L option.

-L list-file
--use-list=list-file
   Restore only those archive elements that are listed in list-file, and restore them in the order they appear in the file. 

   list-file is normally created by editing the output of a previous -l operation. Lines can be moved or removed, and can also be commented out by placing a semicolon (;) at the start of the line.

In Plain English? 

It’s saying we can print out the tables that are in the database dump file, edit them (or comment them out with a ;), and use that to tell pg_restore what tables to restore.

Using the power of grep, we can remove the lines that mention the tables we want to exclude. Our new restore command is a bit longer, but let’s give it a try.

pg_restore -O -x -L <(pg_restore -l ./evil-plans-database.dump | grep -ivE 'TABLE DATA public (event_log|search_log)') -d postgres://localhost/postgres ./evil-plans-database.dump


Restoring Database ########################100% complete πŸŽ‰

You Just Saved The World From Certain Destruction!

In this new command we are doing the following

  1. pg_restore -l ./evil-plans-database.dump: Dumping the tables that are in the db dump file
  2. grep -ivE 'TABLE DATA public (event_log|search_log): Piping the list into grep and excluding lines that match our table names
  3. pg_restore -O -x -L <(PREVIOUS_COMMAND) -d postgres://localhost/postgres ./evil-plans-database.dump: Piping the updated list to -L flag of our restore command.

Conclusion 

We found a way to restore a Postgres database while excluding certain large tables in the process. It’s been a good day for heros, take a break and enjoy a nice cold drink.

Did this help you out? It took me a few days to piece together all this information together, I hope this saves you some time (who knows, maybe the future me will be thankful I wrote this down). Let me know your thoughts. shanestillwell@gmail.com