I thought it was the cache, so I reloaded the cache, changed the cache backend, then I thought it might be a but, then I thought it might be the layouts. The solution? Case. Mac is not case sensitive, Linux is.
My module was named CatalogRequest and Magento is really strict on case for filenames, so a little rule of thumb. Avoid CamelCase in your module names.
Did this help you out? It took me a few days to piece together all this information together, I hope this saves you some time (who knows, maybe the future me will be thankful I wrote this down). Let me know your thoughts. firstname.lastname@example.org